by Jim Riesterer . . . . . . . . . . Edited by Scott Hughes, Dan Narsavage & Diana Boyack 

Topographic Maps TutorialIntroduction & MaterialsWhat is a Map?Using Topo MapsMap ScaleReference DatumMap ProjectionsDistortionsGrid SystemsGeographicUTMState PlanePublic Land SurveyVertical ScaleCreating ProfilesVertical ExaggerationCalculating SlopeUsing a CompassMagnetic DeclinationGet a BearingGo from A to BFind Self on a MapTopographic Maps Field ExercisesExercise 1Exercise 2Exercise 3Exercise 4GeoSTAC HomeField Exercisesgeostac@gmail.comApril 7, 2008 
Vertical ExaggerationDepending on why you are creating your topographic profile, you may want to use vertical exaggeration when constructing it. Vertical exaggeration simply means that your vertical scale is larger than your horizontal scale (in the example you could use one inch is equal to 1000 ft. for your vertical scale, while keeping the horizontal scale the same). Vertical exaggeration is often used if you want to discern subtle topographic features or if the profile covers a large horizontal distance (miles) relative to the relief (feet). To determine the amount of vertical exaggeration used to construct a profile, simply divide the realworld units on the horizontal axis by the realworld units on the vertical axis. If the vertical scale is one 1"=1000’ and the horizontal scale is 1"=2000’, the vertical exaggeration is 2x (2000’/1000’). Continue to ... Calculating Slope ... 