What is Geology?

Science is a way of studying the world around us, explaining how the natural world works, and making predictions on how natural processes will act in the future. Scientists use observations like seeing, hearing, touching, and measuring the world around us as our evidence for how the world works. When we have an idea about how a process works, we make a hypothesis (an explanation that can be shown to be false or not false using evidence).

Geologists are scientists that study natural processes by observing the solid earth. Evidence is preserved in rocks all around us which contain hints of what is going on beneath our feet. Geologists study the dynamic nature of our planet, inside and out. While the majority of the material which eventually becomes rock formed deep in the earth, surface processes are constantly shaping and reshaping the Earth into new landscapes. It is the goal of the geologist to understand how these processes are linked.